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Renewables > Solar Photovoltaics

Ultra-High Efficiency Thermophotovoltaic Solar Cells Using Metallic Photonic Crystals as Intermediate Absorber and Emitter

Start Date: September 2008
Status: Completed


Shanhui Fan and Peter Peumans, Electrical Engineering, Stanford University; Paul Braun, Material Science and Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Annual Reports


  • S. Fan, Keynote Talk, "Broadband management of light using nanophotonics for solar and thermal applications", International Quantum Electronics Conference (IQEC), May 2013, Munich, Germany.
  • Dai, Z., X. Yu, H. Zhang, T. Kim, P.V. Braun and W.P. King. "Photonic Crystal Nickel and Aluminum Oxide Micromechanical Devices Having 3D Inverse Opal Microstructure." 308-311, MEMS 2011, Cancun, Mexico (2011).
  • Rephaeli E. and S. Fan. "Nanostructured Tungsten absorber and emitter for solar thermal photovoltaics", OSA Topical Meeting on Solar Energy: New Materials and Nanostructured Devices for High Efficiency, paper STuB, Stanford, CA, 2008.
  • S. Fan, Keynote Talk, Nanophotonics for the control of thermal electromagnetic fields, in International Workshop on Nano-Micro Thermal Radiation, May 22, 2012, Hotel Matsushima Taikanso, Sendai, Japan.
  • S. Fan, Distinguished Speaker, Nanophotonics for energy and information applications, Department of Electrical and Computational Engineering, Purdue University, December 13, 2012.
  • S. Fan, Nanophotonics for solar and thermal applications, Seminar at the School of Photovoltaic and Renewable Energy Engineering, University of New South Whales, Sydney, Australia, February 21, 2012.
  • S. Fan, Control near-field and far-field thermal electromagnetic properties with nanophotonic concepts, Gordon Research Conference on Plamonics, Colby College, Waterville, Maine, June 13, 2012.
  • S. Fan, Plenary Talk, Nanophotonics: solar and thermal applications, SPIE Smart Nano+Micro Materials and Devices, December 7, 2011, Swinburne University of Technology/Hawthorn Campus, Melbourne, Australia.
  • S. Fan, Using nzanophotonic structures to overcome conventional limits in solar energy conversion, German Physical Society Annual Meeting, Dresden, Germany, March 14, 2011.
  • S. Fan, Nanophotonics: thermal control and solar cell light trapping, Seminar Series, Solid State Solar Thermal Energy Conversion Center (S3TEC Center), Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, May 3, 2011.
  • S. Fan, Explorations of photonic nanostructures for thermal and solar applications, Active Photonic Materials IV, SPIE Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, August 23, 2011.
  • P. V. Braun, New Absorber and Emitter Designs and High Temperature Materials for Thermophotovoltaics, AIChE 2011 Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, MN, October 2011.
  • S. Fan, Implications of nanophotonics for the limit of thin-film light trapping and for the singlejunction Shockley-Queisser limit, in Optical Nanostructures for Photovoltaics, Advanced Photonics and Renewable Energy: OSA Optics and Photonics Congress 2010, Karsruche,
    Germany, June 22, 2010.
  • P. V. Braun, New Absorber and Emitter Designs and Materials for Solar Thermophotovoltaics, Advanced Concepts in Semiconductor Materials and Devices for Energy Conversion, Beltsville, MD, December 2010
  • P. V. Braun, 3D Photonic Crystals with Embedded Dielectric, Metallic and Emissive Features for Controlling the Generation and Harvesting of Photons, META 10, Cairo, Egypt, February 2010
  • P. V. Braun, High Temperature 3D Metallic Photonic Crystals through Interference Lithography and Self-assembly, Materials Research Society Spring Meeting, San Francisco, CA, April 2009.
  • P. V. Braun, 3D Composite Structures for Storing, Generating, and Harvesting Photons and Electrons, 11th International Conference on Advanced Materials, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, September 2009.
  • S. Fan, Ultra-High Efficiency Thermo-Photovoltaic Cells Using Metallic Photonic Crystals as Intermediate Absorber and Emitter, GCEP Research Symposium: New Directions for Research in a Rapidly Evolving World Energy Landscape, Stanford, California, October 2, 2009.
  • Shimizu, R, Duan, S. Taniguchi, I., Kai, T., Kazama, S., Fujioka, Y., Advanced CO2/H2 Separation Materials Incorporating Active Functional Agents, GCEP Res. Symp., 2009.


Updated August 2019


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