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Speakers Biographies (Alpha Order)

Photo of Zhenan Bao
Zhenan Bao
Associate Professor
Chemical Engineering Department, Stanford University

Bao is an Associate Professor of Chemical Engineering at Stanford University and is currently a GCEP Distinguished Lecturer and a principal investigator on two GCEP efforts in the area of solar energy. She joined Stanford in 2004 after spending eight years as a Distinguished Member of Technical Staff at Bell Labs. Her research group focuses on organic, polymeric, and carbon nanomaterials for large area flexible electronics, transistors, chemical and biological sensors, pressure sensors, solar cells, and transparent electrodes. She has more than 200 refereed publications and 35 U.S. patents.

Bao currently serves as a Board Member for the National Academy Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology. She served as a member of Executive Board of Directors for the Materials Research Society and Executive Committee Member for the Polymer Materials Science and Engineering division of the American Chemical Society. Bao is an Associate Editor of Synthetic Metals. She was an editor for Polymer Reviews and serves on the international advisory board for ACS Nano, Advanced Functional Materials, Chemistry of Materials and Materials Today.

Bao was elected a SPIE Fellow in 2008. She is a recipient of the Royal Society of Chemistry Beilby Medal and Prize in 2009, IUPAC Creativity in Applied Polymer Science Prize in 2008, American Chemical Society Team Innovation Award 2001, R&D 100 Award, and R&D Magazine’s Editors Choice of the “Best of the Best” new technology for 2001. She was selected in 2002 by the American Chemical Society Women Chemists Committee as one of the twelve “Outstanding Young Woman Scientist who is expected to make a substantial impact in chemistry during this century”. She was also selected by MIT Technology Review magazine in 2003 as one of the top 100 young innovators for this century.

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Sally M. Benson
Director, Global Climate and Energy Project
Professor (Research), Energy Resources Engineering Department, Stanford University

Benson is the Director of the Global Climate and Energy Project (GCEP) at Stanford University. She is also the GCEP Theme Leader in the area of Carbon and Storage and a principal investigator on the Project’s effort “Experimental Investigations of Multiphase Flow and Trapping of CO2 in Saline Aquifers.” She received her B.A. from Barnard College in Geology and her M.S. and Ph.D. from the University of California in the Material Science and Mineral Engineering Department. Prior to joining Stanford, Benson worked at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), serving in a number of capacities, including Division Director for Earth Sciences, Associate Laboratory Director for Energy Sciences, and Deputy Director for Operations. Also a Professor (Research) in the Department of Energy Resources Engineering, Benson works on carbon dioxide capture and sequestration in deep underground geological formations. A ground water hydrologist and reservoir engineer, Benson has conducted research to address a range of issues related to energy and the environment. For the past ten years, she has studied how to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by capturing carbon dioxide from power plants and pumping it into deep underground formations for permanent sequestration. Benson was a coordinating lead author on the 2005 IPCC Special Report on Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage. She also serves on the Board of Directors of the National Renewal Energy Laboratory and Climate Central.

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Uma Chowdhry
Senior Vice President and Chief Science and Technology Officer, Dupont

Uma Chowdhry is senior vice president and chief science and technology officer .She joined DuPont in 1977 as a research scientist in the Central Research & Development (CR&D) at the DuPont Experimental Station in Wilmington, Del. She spent the first 11 years of her career in CR&D in several research and management roles.

From 1982 to 1999, Dr. Chowdhry held a number of technology and business management roles. She led R&D for Electronics and Specialty Chemicals and also had business management roles for the Microcircuit Materials and Terathane® businesses. In 1999, she was appointed director of DuPont Engineering Technology and in 2002 was appointed vice president, CR&D. She assumed her current role in 2006 and is responsible for the company's market driven science and technology based innovations.

Dr. Chowdhry was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 1996 for her contributions ranging from heterogeneous catalysis to superconductors. She was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2003. For her contributions to ceramic materials science she was elected "Fellow" of the American Ceramic Society in 1989.

Dr. Chowdhry has served on numerous advisory boards of universities ranging from MIT and Princeton to the University of Pennsylvania and the University of Delaware. She has served on several federal government advisory boards and committees of the National Academies and the Department of Education. She also is a member of the Delaware Science and Technology council, and a board member of the Delaware Art Museum. In 2010 she has been appointed to the board of LORD corporation.

Born and raised in Mumbai, India, she came to the United States in 1968 with a B.S. in Physics and Math from the Institute of Science, Mumbai University; received an M.S. from Caltech in Engineering Science in 1970; and a Ph.D. in Materials Science and Engineering from M.I.T. in 1976.

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Yi Cui
Associate Professor
Materials Science and Engineering Department, Stanford University

Cui went to the University of Science and Technology of China, where he received a Bachelor’s degree in Chemistry in 1998. He attended graduate school from 1998 to 2002 at Harvard University, where he worked under the supervision of Professor Charles M. Lieber. His Ph.D. thesis investigated semiconductor nanowires for nanotechnology including synthesis, nanoelectroncis and nanosensor applications. After that, he went on to work as a Miller Postdoctoral Fellow with Professor Paul Alivisatos at the University of California, Berkeley. His postdoctoral work was mainly on electronics and assembly using colloidal nanocrystals. In 2005, he became an Assistant Professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at Stanford University. In 2010, he was promoted to an Associate Professor with tenure. His research is focused on nanomaterials for energy storage, photovotalics, topological insulators, biology and environment. He is currently a principal investigator on two GCEP efforts involving solar cells and batteries and was a GCEP Distinguished Lecturer in 2009.

Cui has received the Sloan Research Fellowship (2010), KAUST Investigator Award (2008), ONR Young Investigator Award (2008), MDV Innovators Award (2007), Terman Fellowship (2005), the Technology Review World Top Young Innovator Award (2004), Miller Research Fellowship (2003), Distinguished Graduate Student Award in Nanotechnology (Foresight Institute, 2002), and Gold Medal of Graduate Student Award (Material Research Society, 2001).

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Paul De Martini
Vice President and Chief Technology Officer
Smart Grid Business Unit, Cisco

As Chief Technology Officer for Smart Grid, De Martini leads a team of industry experts who develop the vision for Cisco’s Smart Grid end-to-end IP architecture, the technology and deployment roadmaps, identifying key technologies and driving strategy and coordination around global standards development.

Prior to joining Cisco, De Martini was vice president of Advanced Technology at Southern California Edison (SCE). His team led SCE's Smart Grid strategy, policy and technology development that included advanced grid technologies, energy storage, electric transportation, smart metering, and integration of smart energy consumer products. De Martini was also vice president of Edison SmartConnect™ and responsible for leading SCE’s award-winning smart meter program. Prior to SCE, De Martini held executive positions with ICF International, Sempra Energy, Coastal Corporation, and PG&E Corporation.

De Martini is a member of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Smart Grid Interoperability Governing Board, the Edison Electric Institute’s (EEI) Y2030 Strategic Planning Committee, and the Electric Power Research Institute’s (EPRI) Intelligrid program.

De Martini holds an MBA degree from the University of Southern California and a B.S. degree from the University of San Francisco. He also completed the technology management program at the California Institute of Technology and is currently a Fellow of the Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania.

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Chris Edwards
Associate Professor
Mechanical Engineering Department, Stanford University

Edwards served as the GCEP Deputy Director, the Project’s Research Theme Leader in the area of Advanced Combustion, and a GCEP Distinguished Lecturer. He is currently an investigator on two GCEP efforts. Edwards completed his Masters and Ph.D. degrees at the University of California, Berkeley, while investigating plasma jet ignition processes for ultralean engine combustion. He was the first recipient of the Starkman Memorial Award at Berkeley, given to the outstanding graduate student in thermal sciences. In 1985, Edwards joined the technical staff at the Combustion Research Facility of Sandia National Laboratories. Focused initially in the areas of DISI and diesel engine research, then later in steady and transient sprays, Edwards worked at Sandia on experimental, theoretical, and diagnostic development components. In 1995, he was appointed a Distinguished Member of Technical Staff, the highest technical ranking at Sandia. Later that year, Edwards joined the Department of Mechanical Engineering at Stanford, in the thermosciences group. Currently, his research is in the areas of advanced energy and propulsion systems with ultra high efficiency and low greenhouse gas emissions, while teaching courses that range from introductory to advanced thermodynamics, energy systems, and engines. Edwards was selected as a Bing Fellow for outstanding undergraduate teaching, 1998; Teacher of the Year by the Society of Women Engineers and received the Phi Beta Kappa Undergraduate Teaching Prize, 1999. In 2002, he was appointed the John Henry Samter University Fellow in Undergraduate Education. He has received several awards including the Tanasawa Award, 1991; the Robert Marshall Award, 1994; Adams Award, 1994; Rudolf Kalman Award, 2005; Walter J. Gores Award, 2008.

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Chris Field
Director, Department of Global Ecology, Carnegie Institution for Science
Professor, Biology and Environmental Earth System Science Departments, Stanford University

Chris Field is the founding director of the Carnegie Institution's Department of Global Ecology, Professor of Biology and Environmental Earth System Science at Stanford University, and Faculty Director of Stanford's Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve. He is currently the GCEP Research Theme Leader in the area of Bioenergy and a principal investigator conducting research on "The Climate-Protective Domain" for the Project. He was also a GCEP Distinguished Lecturer in 2008.

The author of more than 200 scientific publications, Field’s research emphasizes impacts of climate change, from the molecular to the global scale. His work includes major field experiments on responses of California grassland to multi-factor global change, integrative studies on the global carbon cycle, and assessments of impacts of climate change on agriculture. Field’s work with models includes studies on the global distribution of carbon sources and sinks, and studies on environmental consequences of expanding biomass energy. Field has served on many national and international committees related to global ecology and climate change. He was a coordinating lead author for the fourth assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. In September 2008, he was elected co-chair of Working Group 2 of the IPCC, and will lead the next assessment on climate change impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability. Field has testified before House and Senate committees and has appeared on media from NPR Science Friday to BBC Your World Today. He is a member of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences. Field received his Ph.D. from Stanford in 1981 and has been at the Carnegie Institution for Science since 1984.

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Thomas Friedman
Author and Journalist
The New York Times

Thomas Friedman, a world-renowned author and journalist, has won the Pulitzer Prize three times for his work at The New York Times. His foreign affairs column, which appears twice a week, reports on US domestic politics and foreign policy, Middle East conflict, international economics, environment, biodiversity and energy.

Friedman is the author of From Beirut to Jerusalem, which won both the National Book and the Overseas Press Club Awards in 1989. The Lexus and the Olive Tree, winner of the 2000 Overseas Press Club Award for best non-fiction book on foreign policy. Longitudes and Attitudes: Exploring the World After September 11, issued in 2002, consists of columns Friedman published about September 11. The World is Flat: A Brief History of the Twenty-first Century, issued in April 2005 and updated in 2006 and 2007, received the inaugural Goldman Sachs/Financial Times Business Book of the Year Award. Mr. Friedman’s most current book was published by FSG in 2008, Hot, Flat, and Crowded Why We Need a Green Revolution – And How It Can Renew America. A 2.0 version of the book was released in November 2009.

For his coverage of the Middle East, Mr. Friedman was awarded the 1983 Pulitzer Prize for international reporting (from Lebanon) and the 1988 Pulitzer Prize for international reporting (from Israel). He was awarded the 2002 Pulitzer Prize for Distinguished Commentary for “his clarity of vision…in commenting on the worldwide impact of the terrorist threat.” In 2004, he was awarded the Overseas Press Club Award for lifetime achievement and the honorary title, Order of the British Empire (OBE), by Queen Elizabeth II.

Mr. Friedman lives in Bethesda, Maryland, with his wife, Ann. He is a member of the Board of Trustees of Brandeis University and the Board of the Pulitzer Prizes. He served as a Visiting Lecturer at Harvard University in 2000 and 2005 and has been awarded honorary degrees from Brandeis University, Macalester College, Haverford University, the University of Minnesota, Williams College, Washington University in St. Louis, Hebrew Union College and Technion – Israel Institute of Technology and Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.

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Photo of Claire Halpin
Claire Halpin
College of Life Sciences
University of Dundee

Halpin has 20 years experience of directing and managing research teams focused on understanding lignin biosynthesis both in industry and academia. She is currently a principal investigator on a GCEP research effort in the area of biomass energy.

Her major contributions have included the first purification and cloning of a gene, cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase (CAD) dedicated to monolignol biosynthesis. Her subsequent Plant J paper was first to demonstrate the possibilities for lignin manipulation by suppression of CAD in transgenic plants and continues to be highly cited. This work culminated in 2002 with the publication in Nature Biotechnology of the results of the first field trial of trees with genetically modified lignin including assessments of their improved potential for paper pulping and of their environmental impact.

Halpin currently leads the Cell Wall Lignin Programme of the BBSRC Sustainable Bioenergy Centre (BSBEC) and the lignin workpackage of the EU programme RENEWALL (Improving Plant Cell Walls as a Renewable Industrial Feedstock).

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Mark Horowitz
Chairman, Electrical Engineering Department, Stanford University
Chief Scientist, Rambus

Horowitz is the Yahoo! Founders Professor at Stanford University and the Chief Scientist at Rambus Inc. He is the Chairman of the Electrical Engineering Department, one of the largest departments at Stanford. He received his BS and MS in Electrical Engineering from MIT in 1978, and his PhD from Stanford in 1984. Dr. Horowitz has received many awards including a 1985 Presidential Young Investigator Award, the 1993 ISSCC Best Paper Award, the ISCA 2004 Most Influential Paper of 1989, and the 2006 Don Pederson IEEE Technical Field Award. He is a fellow of IEEE and ACM, a member of the National Academy of Engineering, and a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Dr. Horowitz's research interests are quite broad and span applying EE and CS analysis methods to solve problems in molecular biology to creating new design methodologies for analog and digital VLSI circuits. He has worked on many processor designs, from early RISC chips, to creating some of the first distributed shared memory multiprocessors, and is currently working on on-chip multiprocessor designs. Recently he has worked on a number of problems in computational photography. In 1990, he took leave from Stanford to help start Rambus Inc, a company designing high-bandwidth memory interface technology, and has continued work in high-speed I/O at Stanford. His current research includes multiprocessor design, low power circuits, high-speed links, computational photography, and applying engineering to biology.

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Pat House
Co-founder, Vice Chairman, and Senior Vice President of Strategy

House is the co-founder, Vice Chairman, and Senior Vice President of Strategy at C3. She co-founded and served as Vice Chairman of Siebel Systems, where she held a variety of executive positions, including Executive Vice President. Prior to Siebel Systems, she held managerial and executive positions at Verbatim, Oracle Corporation, and Frame Technology. House is Chairman of the Mary Mae Foundation, a non-profit organization providing affordable housing for teachers, and she is a member of the Board of Directors of First Virtual Group. She formerly served on the Board of Directors of Levi Strauss & Co., Shutterfly, and BDNA Corporation. She is a guest lecturer at Oxford University and Stanford University. House has been named one of Fortune’s 50 Most Powerful Women, and was named Entrepreneur of the Year by the Forum for Women Entrepreneurs.

House received a BA in Education from Western Michigan University.

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Thomas (Tom) Jaramillo
Assistant Professor, Chemical Engineering Department
Stanford University

Jaramillo is an assistant professor in Stanford's Chemical Engineering Department. He is also currently a principal investigator on the GCEP effort "Developing Solid-State Electrocatalysts Based on Design Principles From Nature: The Oxidation of Water and the Reduction of CO2 to Fuels" and recently completed the GCEP exploratory activity "Nanostructured MoS2 and WS2 for the Solar Production of Hydrogen."

The Jaramillo research group works in the area of solar fuels, seeking to harness solar energy in order to chemically convert CO2 into usable liquid fuels (for example methanol or iso-octane) in a renewable, sustainable manner. This is a key component in an energy production-consumption cycle in which the there are no net emissions of CO2 into the atmosphere. To accomplish this challenging goal, the group focuses on understanding the chemistry of materials both at their surface and within their bulk in order to engineer nano-scaled materials for light-harvesting and/or catalytic chemical conversion. We adopt a similar approach for materials involved in the consumption of energy in order to improve their efficiency as well. Current projects include:

  • The study of quantum-confined nano-scaled semiconductors for solar, photoelectrochemical water-splitting.
  • Development of electrocatalytic surfaces that mimic the active core of enzymes, nature's catalysts. 
  • Understanding and exploiting nano-scale effects in supported metal catalysts.
  • Reactions of interest include: CO2 reduction to alcohols and hydrocarbons, fuel oxidation, water oxidation to O2, O2 reduction to water, and hydrogen evolution from water.

Jaramillo received his B.S. degree in chemical engineering from Stanford in 1998, and his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees both from UC Santa Barbara, in 2000 and 2004 respectively. Jaramillo also pursued postdoctoral studies at the Center for Individual Nanoparticle Functionality in the Department of Physics, Technical University of Denmark.

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Kristina Johnson
Under Secretary of Energy, U.S. Department of Energy

Kristina M. Johnson is currently the Under Secretary for Energy at the Department of Energy in Washington, D.C. Prior to her appointment as Under Secretary, Dr. Johnson was Provost and Senior Vice President for Academic Affairs at The Johns Hopkins University. She received her B.S. (with distinction), M.S., and Ph.D. in electrical engineering from Stanford University. After a NATO post-doctoral fellowship at Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland, she joined the University of Colorado-Boulder's faculty in 1985 as an Assistant Professor and was promoted to full Professor in 1994. From 1994 to 1999 Dr. Johnson directed the NSF/ERC for Optoelectronics Computing Systems Center at the University of Colorado and Colorado State University, and then served as Dean of the Pratt School of Engineering at Duke University from 1999 to 2007.

Dr. Johnson was named an NSF Presidential Young Investigator in 1985 and a Fulbright Faculty Scholar fellowship in 1991. Her awards include the Dennis Gabor Prize for creativity and innovation in modern optics (1993); State of Colorado and North Carolina Technology Transfer Awards (1997, 2001); induction into the Women in Technology International Hall of Fame (2003); the Society of Women Engineers Lifetime Achievement Award (2004); and in May of 2008, the John Fritz Medal, widely considered the highest award in the engineering profession. Previous recipients of the Fritz Medal include Alexander Graham Bell, Thomas Edison and Orville Wright. In December of 2009, she was awarded an honorary Doctorate of Science from the University of Alabama at Huntsville. In 2010, Dr. Johnson was named the Women of Vision Award Winner by the Anita Borg Institute for Women and Technology, and received the ARCS Foundation Eagle Award for her dedication to science and education.

Dr. Johnson has 142 refereed papers and proceedings and holds 45 U.S. patents (129 U.S. and international patents) and patents pending.

A fellow of the Optical Society of America, International Electronics and Electrical Engineering (IEEE), SPIE, the International Society for Optical Engineering (former Board Member), Dr. Johnson has served on the Board of Directors of Mineral Technologies Inc., Boston Scientific Corporation, AES Corporation and Nortel Networks. She helped found several companies, including ColorLink, Inc, SouthEast Techinventures, and Unyos.

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Roy Johnson
Former CEO
Calisolar, Inc.

Johnson is the former CEO of Calisolar, Inc., a vertically integrated manufacturer of solar silicon, wafers, and high-performance cells. The company has a 75MW solar cell manufacturing facility and headquarters in Sunnyvale, California; silicon purification operations at the company's wholly owned subsidiary 6N Silicon located in Ontario, Canada; and a state-of-the-art research and development center in Berlin, Germany. Calisolar was awarded a $52 million clean energy manufacturing tax credit as part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act and has raised $200 million from investors. Its investors include Advanced Technology Ventures, Globespan Capital Partners, Good Energies, Hudson Clean Energy, Ventures West, and Yaletown Ventures. The company was founded in 2006, and Johnson joined the company in January 2007.

Prior to Calisolar, Johnson was CEO of Redline Networks, which was acquired by Juniper Networks in May 2005. At Redline, he led the team from pre-revenue to an industry leadership position in the Application Front End market. Previously, he held the post of vice president of Marketing and Business Development at 2Wire. Johnson also spent 13 years at 3Com Corporation, where he held numerous senior executive positions, including vice president and general manager of the Home Networking Division, vice president and general manager of the Network Management Division, and head of 3Com’s operations in Asia based in Hong Kong and Sydney.

Johnson holds an MBA from Stanford’s Graduate School of Business and an A.B. degree in Economics from Dartmouth College.

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John Krenicki, Jr.
Vice Chairman, GE
President & CEO, GE Energy Infrastructure

Krenicki is Vice Chairman of GE and President and Chief Executive Officer of GE Energy Infrastructure. This business includes Power & Water, Oil & Gas, and Energy Services as well as the overall company activities in India. His GE career began in the Technical Marketing Program after which he held a number of leadership roles with GE’s plastics and materials businesses. He later served as Vice President of Lighting-Americas, Superabrasives and as President & CEO of Transportation Systems.

In 2003, Krenicki was named a Senior Vice President of GE and President and Chief Executive Officer of GE’s plastics business, which was soon combined with silicones and quartz to form GE Advanced Materials. He held this role until 2005 and is a member of GE’s Corporate Executive Council and the GE Capital Board of Directors. Krenicki earned a B.S. degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Connecticut. He received an M.S. degree in Management from Purdue University.

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Nate Lewis
Chemistry Department
California Institute of Technology

Lewis is the GCEP Theme Leader in the area of Solar Energy and a principal investigator of the GCEP effort “Artificial Photosynthesis: Membrane-Supported Assemblies that Use Sunlight to Split Water.” Lewis, the George L. Argyros Professor of Chemistry, has been on the faculty at the California Institute of Technology since 1988 and has served as Professor since 1991. He has served as the Principal Investigator of the Beckman Institute Molecular Materials Resource Center at Caltech since 1992, and also is the Principal Investigator of the Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis, the DOE's $122 million Energy Innovation Hub in Fuels from Sunlight. From 1981 to 1988, he was on the faculty at Stanford, as an assistant professor from 1981 to 1985 and as a tenured Associate Professor from 1986 to 1988. Lewis received his Ph.D. in Chemistry from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Lewis has been an Alfred P. Sloan Fellow, a Camille and Henry Dreyfus Teacher-Scholar, and a Presidential Young Investigator. He received the Fresenius Award in 1990, the ACS Award in Pure Chemistry in 1991, the Orton Memorial Lecture award in 2003, the Princeton Environmental Award in 2003 and the Michael Faraday Medal of the Royal Society of Electrochemistry in 2008. He is currently the Editor-in-Chief of the Royal Society of Chemistry journal, Energy & Environmental Science. He has published over 300 papers and has supervised approximately 60 graduate students and postdoctoral associates.

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David Lobell
Assistant Professor
Environmental Earth System Science Department
Stanford University

Lobell is an Assistant Professor at Stanford University in Environmental Earth System Science, and a Center Fellow in Stanford's Program on Food Security and the Environment (FSE). He is currently an investigator on the GCEP effort "Biomass Energy: The Climate-Protective Domain."

His research focuses on identifying opportunities to raise crop yields in major agricultural regions, with a particular emphasis on adaptation to climate change. His current projects span Africa, South Asia, Mexico, and the United States, and involve a range of tools including remote sensing, GIS, and crop and climate models.

Prior to his current appointment, Lobell was a Senior Research Scholar at FSE from 2008-2009 and a Lawrence Post-Doctoral Fellow at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory from 2005-2007. He received a Ph.D. in Geological and Environmental Sciences from Stanford University in 2005, and a Sc.B. in Applied Mathematics, Magna Cum Laude from Brown University in 2000.

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Pamela Matson
Dean, School of Earth Sciences
Professor, Environmental Studies Department
Stanford University

Matson is the Chester Naramore Dean of the Stanford University School of Earth Sciences, the Richard and Rhoda Goldman Professor of Environmental Studies, and a Senior Fellow at the Woods Institute for the Environment.

Matson is an interdisciplinary Earth scientist who studies chemical interactions among soils, water, plants, and atmosphere. As a leader among scientists working to reconcile the needs of people and the environment in the 21st century, she works with multi-disciplinary teams of researchers and decision makers to develop land management approaches that make sense economically and environmentally. Working mostly in the tropics, she and her colleagues have identified the negative consequences of deforestation and intensive agriculture for the global and local atmosphere and water systems, and are working to develop new approaches that reduce those impacts while maintaining human livelihoods.

Matson chairs the National Academies’ Panel on Advancing the Science of Climate Change, which issued its report in May 2010, one of a congressionally requested suite of five studies known as America’s Climate Choices. She is a member of the editorial board of the Annual Review of Energy and the Environment, was founding co-chair of the National Academies Roundtable on Science and Technology for Sustainability, and is a past president of the Ecological Society of America. At Stanford, she co-leads the Initiative on Environment and Sustainability, an effort that brings together faculty from around the university to help solve critical resource and environment challenges, and directs the Aldo Leopold Leadership Program, which trains academic environmental scientists to communicate effectively. She received Stanford’s Richard W. Lyman Award in 2005.

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Gary Mavko
Professor (Research), Geophysics Department
Stanford University

Mavko is a professor in the geophysics department at Stanford University. He is also the principal investigator of the GCEP effort “Linking Chemical and Physical Effects of CO2 Injection to Geophysical Parameters.”

Mavko works to discover and understand the relationship between geophysical measurements and the rock and fluid properties that they sample in the Earth. He and his students have begun to understand the impact of rock type, porosity, pore fluids, temperature, and stress on seismic wave propagation and electromagnetic response. They are also working to quantify the links between geophysical measurements and the sedimentary and diagenetic processes that determine rock mineralogy and texture. Ultimately, this work will allow them to better infer, from geophysical images, the composition and physical conditions at depth.

Mavko was the associate chair, Department of Geophysics (2006-2008); distinguished lecturer, Society of Exploration Geophysicists (2006); honorary membership, Society of Exploration Geophysicists (2001); nominated for Reginald Fessenden Award, Society of Exploration Geophysicists (2000); School of Earth Sciences Excellence in Teaching Award (2000)

He received his B.S. (1972) in engineering physics with distinction from Cornell University; his M.S. (1974) and Ph.D. (1977) degrees, both in geophysics from Stanford University.

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Anders Nilsson
Professor, Photon Science, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory
Stanford University

Nilsson is a professor in Photon Science at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University. He is currently a GCEP principal investigator in the area of hydrogen storage. He joined Stanford University 10 years ago after spending most of his career in Sweden at Uppsala University.

His research interest is focused on using x-rays to study molecular interaction on surfaces, catalysis, hydrogen storage, hydrogen bonding in water and aqueous solutions. The work on the structure of water was chosen by Science magazine as one of the top ten breakthroughs in 2004.

Nilsson has received the Liljevalls Award at Uppsala University, Sweden in 1988, the Lindbomska Award at the Swedish Royal Academy of Science in 1991, the Royal Oscars Award at Uppsala University in 1994, the Shirley Award at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in 1998 and the Humboldt Senior Research Award, Germany, in 2010.

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Franklin M. ("Lynn") Orr, Jr.
Director, Precourt Institute for Energy
Stanford University

Franklin M. ("Lynn") Orr, Jr. became the director of the Precourt Institute for Energy at Stanford upon its establishment in 2009. He served as director of the Global Climate and Energy Project from 2002 to 2008. Orr was the Chester Naramore Dean of the School of Earth Sciences at Stanford University from 1994 to 2002. He has been a member of the Stanford faculty since 1985 and holds the Keleen and Carlton Beal Chair of Petroleum Engineering in the Department of Energy Resources Engineering, and is a Senior Fellow at the Woods Institute for the Environment. His research activities focus on how complex fluid mixtures flow in the porous rocks in the Earth's crust, the design of gas injection processes for enhanced oil recovery, and CO2 storage in subsurface formations. Orr is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. He serves as vice chair of the board of directors of the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, and he chairs the Science Advisory Committee for the David and Lucile Packard Foundation and was a foundation board member from 1999-2008.

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Stephen W. Pacala
Director, Princeton Environmental Institute
Professor, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Department
Princeton University

Pacala is the Director of the Princeton Environmental Institute and the Frederick D. Petrie Professor of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at Princeton University. He has researched a wide variety of ecological and mathematical topics. At Princeton, his work focuses on problems of global change with an emphasis on interactions among the biosphere, greenhouse gases and climate. He also researches solutions to the climate problem, the dynamics of forests, and the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem function.

Pacala completed an undergraduate degree at Dartmouth College and a Ph.D. in biology at Stanford University. He has been awarded numerous honors including the David Starr Jordan Prize, the George Mercer Award, the Robert H. MacArthur Award of the Ecological Society of America, and election to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the U.S. National Academy of Sciences.

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Peter Peumans
Assistant Professor, Electrical Engineering Department
Deputy Director, Center for Advanced Molecular Photovoltaics
Stanford University

Peumans is an Assistant Professor of Electrical Engineering and the Deputy Director of the Center for Advanced Molecular Photovoltaics (CAMP) at Stanford University. He is an expert in solar cell modeling and characterization and is currently the principal investigator on two GCEP research efforts in this area. Peumans has developed several efficient organic solar cell device architectures and has contributed to today’s understanding of the mechanisms that play a role in organic solar cells. He also contributed to the development of vapor phase deposition techniques that lend themselves to reel-to-reel processing of organic and organic/inorganic nanocomposite solar cells. Two of Peumans’ publications are in the top-20 cited papers in the field of solar cells. He holds 10 patents and has five or more pending. He is a co-founder and the Chief Scientific Advisor of NetCrystal, a Silicon Valley startup focusing on low-cost microconcentrator solar cells using a technology developed by the Peumans research group at Stanford. He is on the advisory boards of Solexel and Innovalight and is the recipient of an NSF CAREER award.

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Philippe Poizot
Associate Professor
Electrochemistry at Laboratoire de Réactivité et Chimie des Solides
University of Picardie Jules Verne, France

Poizot is an Associate Professor of Electrochemistry at Laboratoire de Réactivité et Chimie des Solides, University of Picardie Jules Verne, Amiens, France. He is currently an investigator with Jean-Marie Tarascon on the GCEP research effort “High-Energy Organic Battery Electrodes.” After receiving his Master’s degree in electroanalytical chemistry (1998), Poizot prepared his Ph.D. in Materials Science (2001) in the field of Li-ion batteries with Jean-Marie Tarascon. He demonstrated for the first time the cycling performances of numerous simple 3d-based metal oxides, sulfides and others vs. Li leading to what one calls now “conversion reactions.” In 2002, he joined Switzer’s group (UMR, Rolla, Missouri) as postdoctoral researcher to develop the electrodeposition of nanostructured materials and enantiospecific catalysts. His current research topics are mainly focused on the Li-ion battery R&D including the electrochemical deposition of nanostructured electrodes and more particularly the development of redox-active organic electrode materials following his concept of a greener Li-ion battery based on renewable matter. He is a recipient of the Bronze Medal of the French Society for Encouragement and Progress in 2001.

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Balaji Prabhakar
Associate Professor, Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Departments
Stanford University

Prabhakar is a faculty member in the departments of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at Stanford University. His research interests are in computer networks; notably, in designing algorithms for the Internet and for data centers. Recently, he has been interested in societal networks: networks vital for society's functioning, such as transportation, electricity and recycling systems. He has been involved in developing and deploying incentive mechanisms to move commuters to off-peak times so that congestion, fuel, and pollution costs are reduced.

He has been a Terman Fellow at Stanford University and a Fellow of the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation. He has received the CAREER award from the U.S. National Science Foundation, the Erlang Prize, the Rollo Davidson Prize, and delivered the Lunteren Lectures. He is a co-recipient of several best paper awards.

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Andrew C. Revkin
“Dot Earth” Blog, The New York Times
Senior Fellow for Environmental Understanding, Pace University's Academy for Applied Environmental Studies

Revkin is one of the most respected and influential journalists covering climate change and other global environmental issues. Building on a quarter century of prize-winning print work, he now writes the "Dot Earth" blog for the op-ed pages of The New York Times, creating a forum where hundreds of thousands of readers "meet" each month to evaluate and discuss climate, biodiversity, population, and related subjects (

After 15 years at the Times, Revkin recently left his staff position to become the Senior Fellow for Environmental Understanding at Pace University's Academy for Applied Environmental Studies. He has reported on the science and politics of global warming for more than 20 years, from the North Pole to the White House and the tumultuous treaty talks in Copenhagen.

He is the author of three books on environmental subjects in addition to countless newspaper and magazine articles. Revkin has received journalism awards from numerous organizations, including the National Academy of Sciences, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and Columbia University and has been awarded an honorary doctorate by Pace and a John Simon Guggenheim Fellowship. He lives in the Hudson Valley where, in spare moments, he is a performing songwriter and member of the roots band Uncle Wade.

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Richard Sassoon
GCEP Managing Director
Stanford University

Richard E. Sassoon was appointed GCEP Managing Director in November 2003 and brings over 25 years of research and management experience in the fields of physical and analytical chemistry, as well as energy sciences to this position.
Prior to joining GCEP, Dr. Sassoon was Senior Scientist and Assistant Vice President at Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC), where he led systems integration efforts for nanotechnology applications. For many years, he was a contractor to the Department of Energy supporting the strategic planning and management of its environmental programs, and its hydrogen and renewable energy activities.
Dr. Sassoon spent over a decade conducting research into photochemical solar energy conversion and storage systems, performing computer modeling of the catalytic processes involved in hydrogen production, and investigating technologies for cleanup of nuclear waste.
Dr. Sassoon received his B.Sc. in Chemistry from Leeds University in the UK, and his Ph.D. in Physical Chemistry from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in Israel. He conducted his post-doctoral activities at the University of Notre Dame. Dr. Sassoon has authored over 15 research papers in peer-reviewed journals, has received several awards including the Gabriel Stein award for outstanding research during his Ph.D. studies, and is a member of the American Chemical Society.

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Richard Swanson
Founder and President Emeritus

Swanson received his Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering from Stanford University in 1974. In 1976, he joined the faculty at Stanford University where he and his group conceived and developed the point-contact solar cell. Laboratory versions of these cells achieved a record 28 percent conversion efficiency in concentrator cells and 23 percent large-area one-sun cells. In 1991, Swanson resigned from his faculty position to devote full time to SunPower Corporation, a company he founded to develop and commercialize cost-effective photovoltaic power systems. Swanson currently serves as its President and Chief Technical Officer. Along with his students and co-workers, he has published more than 200 articles in journals and conference proceedings, as well as several book chapters. In 2002, Swanson was awarded the William R. Cherry award by the IEEE for outstanding contributions to the photovoltaic field, and in 2006 the Becquerel Prize in Photovoltaics from the European Communities.

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Jim Swartz
Chemical Engineering and Bioengineering Departments
Stanford University

Swartz obtained his B.S.Ch.E. from South Dakota School of Mines and Technology. After working for two years for Union Oil Co. of California, he attended MIT where he earned his M.S. and D.Sc. in chemical engineering and biochemical engineering, respectively. His focus on the development and control of fermentation processes led him to a scientific exchange visit to the U.S.S.R. and to initial employment at Eli Lilly and Co. in Indianapolis. In 1981, he joined Genentech, where he worked in both scientific and managerial positions related to rDNA protein production for nearly 18 years.

In 1998, Swartz moved to Stanford University as a Professor of Chemical Engineering focusing on cell-free biology. The following year he was elected to the National Academy of Engineering. In 2003, he additionally became a founding faculty in the new Department of Bioengineering. He was named the Leland T. Edwards Professor in the School of Engineering in 2006 and was named the James H. Clark Professor in 2009. He is currently a principal investigator of the GCEP exploratory effort examining cell-free hydrogen production from glucose.

Swartz is a founder of Sutro Biopharma, Inc., dedicated to developing cell-free protein pharmaceutical technologies, and of GreenLight Biosciences, a cell-free metabolic engineering company. His research seeks to reproduce and direct complex metabolism in a cell-free environment. Applications include pharmaceutical protein production, patient-specific cancer vaccines and improved vaccine architectures, biological hydrogen production from sunlight, and advanced water purification technology based on aquaporins.

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Bill Weihl
Green Energy Czar

Bill Weihl is Green Energy Czar at Google, where he leads engineering efforts in renewable energy and energy efficiency along with the company's carbon-neutral commitment. He helped create the RE<C initiative, which is driving rapid innovation in renewable energy technology to make renewable electricity cost-competitive with coal-fired electricity, leveraging internal R&D, research grants, investments in start-ups, and policy work. He led the effort in Google to co-found the Climate Savers Computing Initiative, which has galvanzied the industry to accelerate progress in making computing devices more energy efficient. His group also developed Google PowerMeter, which is bringing near-real-time energy information to residential consumers.

Dr. Weihl has extensive business and technical experience in high-tech, including ten years as a professor of Computer Science at MIT, five years as a research scientist at Digital's Systems Research Center, and five years as Chief Architect and then CTO of Akamai Technologies. In fall of 2009, he was named one of Time Magazine's 2009 Heroes of the Environment in recognition of the work he and his colleagues are doing at Google.

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Dr. Xu Kuangdi
Former President of the Chinese Academy of Engineering
Former Mayor of Shanghai

Xu Kuangdi was born in Chongde, Zhejiang province of China in 1937. As a metallurgist, he was elected to be a member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering (CAE) in 1995.

He was elected as Mayor of Shanghai Municipal Government, Vice Chairman of the 10th National Committee of Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), and the 3rd and 4th President of the Chinese Academy of Engineering. Currently, he serves as Vice Chairman of the State Council Academic Degrees Committee, Honorary Chairman of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, President of the Chinese Federation of Industrial Economics, President of China-US People’s Friendship Association, and Honorary Chairman of the China Association for International Friendly Contact (CAIFC). He was the alternate member of the 14th CPC Central Committee, member of the 15th and 16th CPC Central Committee.

Professor Xu Kuangdi graduated from the Beijing Institute of Iron and Steel Engineering in 1959 (currently University of Science and Technology Beijing). He has long been engaged in education in higher learning institutes, and holds a tutorship of doctoral degree. He was among the 1st group of Outstanding Young and Middle-aged Experts Recognized by the State Council. In his academic career, Prof. Xu has been engaged in the study on EAF steel-making, injection metallurgy, secondary refining of molten steel, and smelting reduction. The SGDF injection jar he developed has been widely applied and generated significant benefits. The RH-IJ technology (vacuum degassing plus powder injection) he developed for producing ultra-clean pipeline steel has been applied by British Steel and Nippon Steel Co. of Japan. He successfully developed smelting technology for ultra-low sulfur steel and smelting reduction of mother liquid of stainless steel by iron bat, which have been applied in Baosteel Group Corp. and the 5th factory of Shanghai Steel. He proposed “First-order Quasi-irreversible Reaction” in desulphurization of molten iron and “Three-step Reaction Model” in manganese smelting reduction. He also chaired the formulation of the “Three-excellence” Plan for the Shanghai iron and steel industry. All these won him many awards both at the national level and at the ministry and province level. He has published over 120 articles and written 7 books.

In 2003, he was elected Foreign Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering (UK), Foreign Member of the Swedish Royal Academy of Engineering Sciences (IVA), and Foreign Member of the Academy of Engineering Sciences of Serbia, because of his contribution to advocating and building up a new generation of circular iron and steel industrial process and building environmental friendly iron and steel plants. In 2006, he was elected as Foreign Associate of the National Academy of Engineering (US), and Foreign Member of Academy of Engineering Sciences of Russian Federation (AES RF). In 2008, he was elected Foreign Fellow of Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering (ATSE).

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Dongxiao (Don) Zhang
Associate Dean, College of Engineering
Director, Institute of Clean Energy
Peking University

Zhang is an Associate Dean at the College of Engineering, the director of Institute of Clean Energy, and a Chair Professor at the Energy and Resources Engineering Department at Peking University (Beijing). He is currently the lead principal investigator on an international GCEP collaboration to identify the best scientific approach for developing safe and secure methods for the possible storage of carbon dioxide in saline aquifers in China.

Zhang has held positions as Chair Professor at the University of Southern California, Miller Chair Professor at the Department of Petroleum and Geological Engineering at the University of Oklahoma, and Senior Scientist at Los Alamos National Laboratory. He has also been a “Chang Jiang” Chair Professor at Nanjing University. Zhang is the recipient of “National Thousand Talents Plan” and the recipient of the National Natural Science Foundation Outstanding Young Researcher Award. He has authored two books and published over 100 papers.

He earned both his Master’s degree and Ph.D. in hydrology and water resources in 1992 and 1993, respectively, from the University of Arizona. Zhang has had extensive experience in scientific research and management. He has organized and led a large number of interdisciplinary projects on water resources, energy resources, carbon sequestration, and global climate change.

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