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Prof. Freeman Dyson
Prof. Ernest Moniz
Prof. David Victor
Prof. Freeman Dyson
Dr. Freeman Dyson is a distinguished physicist and educator best known for his speculative work on the possibility of extraterrestrial civilizations. After earning a B.A. in mathematics from the University of Cambridge, in 1947, he won a fellowship to study physics in the U.S. and spent the next two years at Cornell University and Princeton University, where he studied under J. Robert Oppenheimer. Dr. Dyson was appointed professor of physics at Cornell in 1951, and in 1953 accepted the professorship of physics at the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton where he has been Professor Emeritus since 1994.
During a leave of absence in the late 1950s, Dr. Dyson joined the Orion Project research team at General Atomics in San Diego, which was attempting to build a manned spacecraft and send it to Mars. There, he also helped design the TRIGA reactor. Dr. Dyson is the author of several books, including Disturbing the Universe (1979), Weapons and Hope (1984), Origins of Life (1985), and Infinite in All Directions (1988).
Ernest J. Moniz is Professor of Physics and Engineering Systems and Director of Energy Studies, Laboratory for Energy and the Environment at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he has served on the faculty since 1973. Dr. Moniz served as Under Secretary of the Department of Energy from October 1997 until January 2001. In that role, he had programmatic oversight responsibility for the offices of Science; Fossil Energy; Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy; Nuclear Energy, Science and Technology; Environmental Management; and Civilian Radioactive Waste Management. Dr. Moniz served as DOE chair of the Laboratory Operations Board and of the Research and Development Council, through which he initiated a portfolio approach to managing and advancing the Department's R&D programs. He also led a comprehensive review of the nuclear weapons stockpile stewardship program and served as the Secretary's special negotiator for Russia initiatives, with a particular focus on the disposition of Russian nuclear weapons materials. Dr. Moniz also served from 1995 to 1997 as Associate Director for Science in the Office of Science and Technology Policy in the Executive Office of the President, where his responsibilities spanned the physical, life, and social and behavioral sciences, science education, and university-government partnerships. At MIT, he served as Head of the Department of Physics and as Director of the Bates Linear Accelerator Center, a DOE user facility. His principal research contributions have been in theoretical nuclear physics, particularly in advancing nuclear reaction theory at high energy. His current research centers on energy technology and policy studies.
Dr. Moniz received a Bachelor of Science degree summa cum laude in physics from Boston College, a doctorate in theoretical physics from Stanford University, and honorary doctorates from the University of Athens, the University of Erlangen-Nurenburg, and Michigan State University. Dr. Moniz is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Humboldt Foundation, and the American Physical Society and a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. He received the 1998 Seymour Cray HPCC Industry Recognition Award for vision and leadership in advancing scientific simulation. He serves on the Boards of the Gas Technology Institute, Nexant, and American Science & Engineering, on the Keystone Energy Board, and on the advisory councils of EPRI, Cummins, BP, and the Massachusetts Executive Office of Environmental Affairs.
David Victor is currently the director of the Program on Energy and Sustainable Development at the Center for Environmental Science and Policy at Stanford University. The Program, established in September 2001 with core funding from the Electric Power Research Institute and BP, focuses on the economic and environmental consequences of energy consumption; initial studies examine the development of the North American and global natural gas markets, reform of electric power markets, and other topics. Much of the Program's research examines how the availability of modern energy services, such as electricity, can affect the process of economic growth in the world's poorest regions.
Previously, Victor directed the Science and Technology program at the Council on Foreign Relations in New York, where he studied the sources of technological innovation and the impact of innovation on economic growth. His research also examined global warming policy, forest protection, and genetically modified food. Before joining the Council, Victor directed a three-year multinational research project on the implementation of international environmental treaties at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) in Laxenburg, Austria. His IIASA research examined how the international system monitors, verifies and enforces compliance with environmental treaties.
His publications include: The Collapse of the Kyoto Protocol and the Struggle to Slow Global Warming (Princeton University Press, April 2001), Technological Innovation and Economic Performance (Princeton University Press, January 2002, co-edited with Benn Steil and Richard Nelson), and an edited book of case studies on the implementation of international environmental agreements (MIT Press, 1998). He is author of more than 70 essays and articles in scholarly journals, magazines and newspapers, including Climatic Change, Foreign Affairs, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, The Los Angeles Times, Nature, The New York Times, New York University Journal of International Law and Politics, and Scientific American, and The Washington Post.
He holds a BA in History and Science from Harvard University and a PhD in Political Science (international relations) from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
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